Caring for cast iron means cleaning it, but it’s not as simple as popping your pan in the dishwasher. So, how do you safely clean cast-iron skillets, Dutch ovens, or fryers?

People rave about the benefits of their cast-iron skillets: Oh, the heat retention! The stovetop and oven flexibility! The dietary iron! The nonstick surface after seasoning! But then there’s the cleaning, a task which stirs up conflict faster than a closed-door meeting on Capitol Hill.

Cleaning your cast iron doesn’t have to be tricky, though. Here’s how to do it right.

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Here are our eight proven steps for cleaning a skillet.

1. Start with a seasoned cast-iron pan

If your skillet hasn’t been seasoned yet, rub it with oil and heat it. Each successive time you cook with it, the oil, butter, or animal fat will form another nonstick layer that also prevents rusting.

Get cooking as soon as possible.

2. Rinse your cast-iron skillet with hot water

Then wipe out the dirty bits with a sponge or brush. Avoid using soap unless your pan has years of layered, polymerized seasoning on it. And never use steel wool because that can strip off the precious seasoning, especially with newer pans.

Don’t put it in the dishwasher either. Due to how porous cast iron is, that flavor of yucky suds will become one with the pan.

3. Use salt and oil to remove leftover gunk

If you need something more abrasive to remove stubborn bits of leftover food debris, place a spoonful of coarse sea salt or kosher salt — or cornmeal — into your dirty cast-iron skillet. Pour an equal amount of cooking oil, such as canola, vegetable, or corn, over the salt or cornmeal.

4. Use a paper towel to rub the salt-oil paste in a circular motion

This should remove the unwanted bits, but you can use a metal spatula or pan scraper to scrape off any hard-to-remove debris that won’t come loose.

5. Wipe out the salt and oil

When you’re satisfied that the pan is clean, wipe out the salt and excess oil with a clean paper towel.

6. Rinse again and dry thoroughly

If your pan is burned, you can rinse it with water again and dry it thoroughly. Very thoroughly. If water stays on the pan too long, it will rust.

If you use a cloth instead of paper towels, have a couple of cast-iron-dedicated cloths, because the pan can blacken them, so don’t use your heirloom dishcloths inherited from grandma.

Another way to dry it is to place the skillet over a high flame for a few minutes. Let it cool before completing the final step!

7. Rub in a bit more oil

Once the pan is totally dry and cool enough to touch, rub in some more oil just to give it a nice sheen, then heat it again for a couple of minutes to help the oil absorb — and prevent the pan from getting sticky or rancid-smelling.

8. Store with a paper towel placed in the pan to help prevent rusting

Keeping a paper towel in the pan can help put a barrier between your pan and the oxidation that triggers rusting.

Now that you know how to clean it, try some of our cast-iron skillet recipes!

1. Eggplant and mushroom polenta bake

Because this recipe contains acidic tomatoes, if your cast-iron pan isn’t well-seasoned, use a heavy-bottomed ovenproof skillet or enameled cast-iron pan instead. All the savory, earthy filling is topped with creamy polenta, made even more awesome with Parmesan and tons of fontina cheese.

For the filling, you’ll need

  • 3 tablespoons olive oil
  • 1 1/2 pound large Japanese eggplant, diced
  • 1 pound cremini mushrooms, quartered and stem-trimmed
  • 1/3 cup dry red wine
  • 1/2 medium yellow onion, small dice
  • 1 teaspoon dried oregano
  • 3/4 teaspoon red pepper flakes
  • Kosher salt
  • 5 medium garlic cloves, minced
  • 1/2 cup green olives, pitted and coarsely chopped
  • 1 can crushed tomatoes
  • 1 cup water
  • Freshly ground black pepper

For the polenta and to assemble

  • 3 cups water, plus more as needed
  • 2 cups whole milk
  • 2 teaspoons kosher salt
  • 1 1/2 cups polenta or coarsely ground cornmeal
  • 1/2 cup (1 1/2 ounces) grated Parmesan-style cheese
  • 1 1/2 cups (5 ounces) shredded fontina cheese

Get our eggplant and mushroom polenta bake recipe.

2. Skillet pizza

Making the dough takes a while, but once you have that part done, the rest could be easy. Cast-iron pans tend to be the best when you need to put the pan on the stove first and then in the oven. The toppings are up to you, but tomatoes, burrata cheese, and basil leaves are suggested.

For the dough, you’ll need

  • 1 tablespoon sourdough starter
  • 1/2 cup cool water at 60°F (16°C)
  • 3/4 cup whole-wheat flour
  • 1 cup lukewarm water at 80°F (27°C)
  • 2 3/4 cups bread flour
  • 2 teaspoons sea salt

For the toppings, you’ll need

  • 1 1/2 pounds heirloom tomatoes
  • 20 to 25 fresh basil leaves
  • 8 ounces fresh mozzarella cheese
  • 8 ounces fresh burrata cheese
  • Olive oil
  • 1 teaspoon Maldon salt
  • Parmesan-style cheese, for garnish (optional)

Get our skillet pizza recipe.

3. Skillet cornbread

This is a drier version of some cornbread recipes, meant to be a vehicle to wipe up that chili or barbecue sauce. The other bonus to it is, you don’t need to buy buttermilk to make this cornbread.

You’ll need

  • 6 tablespoons (3/4 stick) unsalted butter
  • 1 1/2 cups fine ground yellow cornmeal
  • 1 cup all-purpose flour
  • 1 tablespoon baking powder
  • 2 tablespoons granulated sugar
  • 2 teaspoons kosher salt
  • 1 1/2 cups whole milk, room temperature
  • 3 large eggs, room temperature

If you want a more moist version that requires buttermilk, try our basic skillet cornbread recipe. For the regular-milk, drier variety, get our skillet cornbread recipe.

4. Easy salmon with lemon and capers

This is another recipe for well-seasoned cast-iron skillets only. The lemon’s acidity can strip the lightly seasoned newer frying pans. Otherwise, it’s a great idea for dinner using your lovely cast iron.

For the fish, you’ll need

  • 4 6-ounce salmon fillets, skin on and pin bones removed
  • Kosher salt
  • 2 tablespoons finely chopped flat-leaf parsley leaves
  • Juice of 1/2 lemon
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 2 tablespoons unsalted butter

For the sauce

  • 2 tablespoons unsalted butter
  • 1 shallot, minced
  • 1 small garlic clove, minced
  • 2/3 cup dry white wine
  • Zest of 1/2 lemon
  • Juice of 1 lemon
  • 2 tablespoons capers, quickly rinsed and coarsely chopped
  • Freshly ground black pepper
  • Kosher salt, as needed

Get our easy salmon with lemon and capers recipe.

5. Cheesy skillet potato cake

If your cast iron is used long enough to be considered a nonstick frying pan, then use it to make this great hangover food. Reminiscent of those scattered, covered, smothered, and chunked hash browns, people love to get at Waffle House at 2 a.m., this is a good idea to satisfy a craving.

  • 2 1/2 pounds russet potatoes, washed and dried
  • 4 tablespoons canola oil
  • 1 medium yellow onion, finely chopped
  • 1 teaspoon kosher salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon sweet paprika
  • 1/4 teaspoon granulated sugar
  • 1/4 teaspoon onion powder
  • 1/4 teaspoon garlic powder
  • 1 cup shredded cheddar cheese
  • 2 green onions, trimmed and sliced

Get our cheesy skillet potato cake recipe.

6. Skillet pear cake

Mmm, cake — in a skillet. Use fall and winter fruit like pears and apples in season, or swap in stone fruit for summer, and make this cake that you invert. It’s got brown sugar, cinnamon, and ripe fruit that caramelizes and softens until succulent.

  • 2 sticks unsalted butter, room temperature
  • 1 cup dark brown sugar, packed
  • 1/3 cup finely chopped candied or crystallized ginger
  • 2 pounds firm but ripe Bosc pears (about 4 medium pears, peeled, halved lengthwise, and cored)
  • 2 cups all-purpose flour
  • 1 teaspoon baking powder
  • 1/2 teaspoon baking soda
  • 1/2 teaspoon fine salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • 1/4 teaspoon ground ginger
  • 3/4 cup granulated sugar
  • 2 large eggs, room temperature
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract
  • 3/4 cup whole milk, room temperature

Get our skillet pear cake recipe.

7. Campfire cherry cobbler

This camping-friendly dessert tastes great made in any Dutch oven — but one made from naked cast iron (as opposed to enameled) is best if you’re actually cooking over an open fire. You can also make it in a skillet, on the stove, or on the coals!

  • 2 21-ounce cans cherry pie filling
  • 2 1/3 cups Original Bisquick mix
  • 1/2 cup milk
  • 3 tablespoons granulated sugar
  • 3 tablespoons melted unsalted butter, plus more for coating the Dutch oven

Get our campfire cherry cobbler recipe.

Cleaning your skillet isn’t usually hard — it just needs some special care and attention if you want it to last.

It’s a good idea not to clean it in the same dishwater as everything else, use salt and oil as cleaning agents, and rinse it with running water. Storing it with a paper towel might also help you prevent the skillet from rusting.

Now you can make anything from pizzas to pear cobblers on the stove!